(This page revised July 5, 2017)
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(Zaner-Bloser, Inc.) An educational publishing company based in Columbus, Ohio, that grew out of a partnership between Charles Paxton Zaner, founder of the Zanerian Art College, and Elmer Ward Bloser, an instructor in Spencerian penmanship. During the 1930s, Zaner-Bloser commissioned Parker to manufacture special fountain pens and pencils based on the Duofold Special. These instruments had a unique shape, said by Zaner-Bloser to “fit the hand,” that featured a contoured extra-long section and a “wasp-waisted” barrel. One of the most attractive Zaner-Bloser models was made in Parker’s Modernistic Blue color (shown here). Parker-made Zaner-Bloser pens and pencils are now rare. See also Modernistic Blue. (Pen lent by Gary Lehrer, pencil lent by Joe Nemecek.)
An American round hand writing system developed by Charles Paxton Zaner (1864–1918), known by his contemporaries as “the world’s best all-around penman.” Like Platt Rogers Spencer’s styles, Zanerian is less formal and more “alive” than most copperplate work. Shown here is a short exemplar typeset in a font called P22 Zaner. See also calligraphy, copperplate, round hand, Spencerian.
A type of clip that was used on many pens throughout the earlier two-thirds of the 20th century; so called because it is bent into a Z shape that can be seen clearly when the clip is viewed from the side as shown here. To install a Z-clip into a cap, the worker slips the top tab through a small lateral slot in the cap and pivots the clip downward to its final position. Inserting the inner cap secures the clip in place by pressing the tab against the inside surface of the cap. See also inner cap.
|Zebra||A Japanese pen company founded by Tokumatsu Ishikawa, known for producing the first Japanese-made metal nibs in 1897.|
A model name used by David Kahn, Inc., for a gold-nibbed post-World War II Wearever lever filler that was near the top of the company’s line (shown below, upper). The Zenith was also made as a ballpoint (below, lower). See also Kahn.
A lever-filling bottom-line pen model (properly the Parkette Zephyr) produced by Parker beginning in about 1940. See the illustration below. See also Parkette.
|Zerollo||A fountain pen company located in Genoa, Italy; founded c. 1932 by Dante Davide Zerollo, who was also a cotton controller in partnership with his brother G. M. Zerollo. The company produced a surprising number of variants on what what was essentially a single model called the Duo Color: a writing instrument housing within a single barrel two complete matchstick-filling pens separated by a metal plate (U.S. Patent No 1,893,130, issued to Mirko Chelazzi and Dino Frulli on January 3, 1933). When the instrument was not in use, the two pens were both partially retracted. To use one of the pens, the user uncapped the instrument and turned a knob at the back end of the barrel; working through an ingenious screw mechanism, this action simultaneously extended one pen and retracted the other fully. For filling, the cap crown screwed off the cap; fixed to to the underside of the crown piece was a short metal rod that served as the matchstick and would be inserted into two holes in the barrel, one after the other, to fill the respective pens. The system worked well, but the mechanism was delicate and hard to repair if it became damaged, and it is doubtful whether the Zerollo pen possessed any significant advantage over the simpler solution of carrying two separate pens. Initial production was in hard rubber, including rolled-gold overlay versions. Later, Zerollo introduced celluloid models in a broad range of attractive marbled colors, featuring an unusual faceted treatment with an extremely long-pitch spiral twist. It is not known whether Zerollo manufactured its own pens; based on the quality of the work, some authorities have suggested that the pens, or at least some of the parts, were made by Omas. In addition to selling in the Italian market, the company licensed its design to Dunhill in England and Unic in France. Unable or unwilling to produce other types of pens, Zerollo gradually fell out of favor, and it ceased operation after World War II.|
A chasing pattern used by Wahl on metal pens, with groups of nine zigzag longitudinal lines opposed by one line zigzagging in the other direction to create rows of triangular or diamond-shaped areas. Shown here is a close-up of the Zigzag pattern.
|zogan||A type of decorative metal inlay work, created by engraving grooves in the base metal and then hammering a precious metal, usually gold, into the grooves. The grooves are cut wider at the bottom than at the surface, forming a “key” that prevents the inlaid metal from working loose.|
|Zoom nib||A nib shape developed by master nib designer Nobuyoshi Nagahara of Japan’s Sailor company. A Zoom nib produces a line that varies in width from broad when the pen is held at a relatively low angle to the paper, to very fine when the pen is held nearly vertically relative to the paper. See also nib.|
The information in this Glossopedia is as accurate as possible, but you should not take it as absolutely authoritative or complete. If you have additions or corrections to this page, please consider sharing them with us to improve the accuracy of our information.